Illustrirte Zeitung, 1859

#1, in which white has as many mating moves as possible, but not less than 46. Additionally, black should not lose, if he moves first. (25 pr.)
1859-09-29 (‘Michaelis, 1859’)
? (probably the composers mentioned below)
Illustrirte Zeitung, vol XXXII
i. 851 (1859-10-22), p. 272: prb. 770; results
i. 852 (1859-10-29), p. 288: additional result
The initiative to the tourney was occasioned by a problem (770) by S. A. Wolff, which showed 46 mating moves. (The problem itself was not published until the first results appeared: the number of mating moves were given in a short cryptic poem in the announcement.)

In order to compete, the competitor needed to reach the same number of mating moves as in Wolff's problem, but preferrably surpass it. (The printed solution to Wolff's problem shows that promoted pawns were counted for each individual promotion.)

72 contributions, with 14 prize-worthy problems were received. (The number 14 does not match the separate numbers below: it may refer to the number of different authors of prize-worthy problems, but even so it is off by one. Note that one additional author is reported in a later issue.)

Nine sendings were the same as the position Wolff had sent.
Three had another position, but with the same number of moves.
Six showed the same position of 47 mating moves.

The report also notes that ‘R. W.’ sent a position with 97 mating moves (? see diagram below) that contained nine Queens. An ‘anormal’ position with 31 queens and four bishops was received from R. Schurig, but not printed. The first position is assumed to be excluded from the competition, as it doesn't fulfil the requirement that black at the move must at least retain a draw.


Position 1: 46 mating moves

Author: S. A. Wolff

Forsyth: 4N1q1/P2PKP2/1Q6/3kBR2/2R5/1B2PP2/4N3/8

Source: 770, Illustrirte Zeitung, vol. XXXIII:851 (1859-10-22), p. 272

Also found by: R. Mangelsdorf, H. Pollmächer, R. Schurig, A. Barbe, K. Bayer, R. Beuthner, J. Scholtz, ‘Einsiedler’, A. Krüger

Position 2: 46 mating moves

A position silimilar to position 1 but not given. Found by: C. Schurig, Günther, M. Querl.

Position 3: 47 mating moves

Forsyth: 4N1r1/P2PK2P/8/1P1kBQ2/2R5/1B1N4/4P3/3R4

Source: Illustrirte Zeitung, vol. XXXIII:851 (1859-10-22), p. 272

Found by: H. Pollmächer, R. Schurig, A. Barbe, M. Bezzel, B. Grimm, Laforest

Note: An unidentified author added that if bQh6 and wPg6 are added, black at the move will be able to keep the draw. [This appears to reduce the number of mates to 42, however.]

Position 4: 47 mating moves

Forsyth: 1n2b3/P2P1P1P/6K1/2QBkN1R/5N2/2P3P1/1R6/B7

Source: Illustrirte Zeitung, vol. XXXIII:851 (1859-10-22), p. 272

Found by: R. Schurig, Plachutta, B. Grimm

Position 5: 97 (?) mating moves
[probably excluded from competition]

Forsyth: 2b5/R4Q1R/3Q4/1Q4Q1/4k3/2Q4Q/Q4Q2/K2Q3n

Source: Illustrirte Zeitung, vol. XXXIII:851 (1859-10-22), p. 272

Found by: R. W.

Notes: Popeye and Chest ‘only’ find 94 mating moves. (This position does not fulfill the requirement that black at the move should at least keep the draw in hand.)